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Commit f7719b57 authored by mattl's avatar mattl

phpseclib extlib updated from phpseclib.sf.net

parent 49b75591
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<?php
/* vim: set expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4: */
/**
* Random Number Generator
*
* PHP versions 4 and 5
*
* Here's a short example of how to use this library:
* <code>
* <?php
* include('Crypt/Random.php');
*
* echo crypt_random();
* ?>
* </code>
*
* LICENSE: This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*
* @category Crypt
* @package Crypt_Random
* @author Jim Wigginton <terrafrost@php.net>
* @copyright MMVII Jim Wigginton
* @license http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.txt
* @version $Id: Random.php,v 1.6 2010/02/28 05:28:38 terrafrost Exp $
* @link http://phpseclib.sourceforge.net
*/
/**
* Generate a random value.
*
* On 32-bit machines, the largest distance that can exist between $min and $max is 2**31.
* If $min and $max are farther apart than that then the last ($max - range) numbers.
*
* Depending on how this is being used, it may be worth while to write a replacement. For example,
* a PHP-based web app that stores its data in an SQL database can collect more entropy than this function
* can.
*
* @param optional Integer $min
* @param optional Integer $max
* @return Integer
* @access public
*/
function crypt_random($min = 0, $max = 0x7FFFFFFF)
{
if ($min == $max) {
return $min;
}
// see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki//dev/random
if (file_exists('/dev/urandom')) {
$fp = fopen('/dev/urandom', 'rb');
extract(unpack('Nrandom', fread($fp, 4)));
fclose($fp);
// say $min = 0 and $max = 3. if we didn't do abs() then we could have stuff like this:
// -4 % 3 + 0 = -1, even though -1 < $min
return abs($random) % ($max - $min) + $min;
}
/* Prior to PHP 4.2.0, mt_srand() had to be called before mt_rand() could be called.
Prior to PHP 5.2.6, mt_rand()'s automatic seeding was subpar, as elaborated here:
http://www.suspekt.org/2008/08/17/mt_srand-and-not-so-random-numbers/
The seeding routine is pretty much ripped from PHP's own internal GENERATE_SEED() macro:
http://svn.php.net/viewvc/php/php-src/branches/PHP_5_3_2/ext/standard/php_rand.h?view=markup */
if (version_compare(PHP_VERSION, '5.2.5', '<=')) {
static $seeded;
if (!isset($seeded)) {
$seeded = true;
mt_srand(fmod(time() * getmypid(), 0x7FFFFFFF) ^ fmod(1000000 * lcg_value(), 0x7FFFFFFF));
}
}
static $crypto;
// The CSPRNG's Yarrow and Fortuna periodically reseed. This function can be reseeded by hitting F5
// in the browser and reloading the page.
if (!isset($crypto)) {
$key = $iv = '';
for ($i = 0; $i < 8; $i++) {
$key.= pack('n', mt_rand(0, 0xFFFF));
$iv .= pack('n', mt_rand(0, 0xFFFF));
}
switch (true) {
case class_exists('Crypt_AES'):
$crypto = new Crypt_AES(CRYPT_AES_MODE_CTR);
break;
case class_exists('Crypt_TripleDES'):
$crypto = new Crypt_TripleDES(CRYPT_DES_MODE_CTR);
break;
case class_exists('Crypt_DES'):
$crypto = new Crypt_DES(CRYPT_DES_MODE_CTR);
break;
case class_exists('Crypt_RC4'):
$crypto = new Crypt_RC4();
break;
default:
extract(unpack('Nrandom', pack('H*', sha1(mt_rand(0, 0x7FFFFFFF)))));
return abs($random) % ($max - $min) + $min;
}
$crypto->setKey($key);
$crypto->setIV($iv);
}
extract(unpack('Nrandom', $crypto->encrypt("\0\0\0\0")));
return abs($random) % ($max - $min) + $min;
}
?>
\ No newline at end of file
<?php
/* vim: set expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 softtabstop=4: */
/**
* Random Number Generator
*
* PHP versions 4 and 5
*
* Here's a short example of how to use this library:
* <code>
* <?php
* include('Crypt/Random.php');
*
* echo bin2hex(crypt_random_string(8));
* ?>
* </code>
*
* LICENSE: Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*
* @category Crypt
* @package Crypt_Random
* @author Jim Wigginton <terrafrost@php.net>
* @copyright MMVII Jim Wigginton
* @license http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.html MIT License
* @link http://phpseclib.sourceforge.net
*/
/**
* "Is Windows" test
*
* @access private
*/
define('CRYPT_RANDOM_IS_WINDOWS', strtoupper(substr(PHP_OS, 0, 3)) === 'WIN');
/**
* Generate a random string.
*
* Although microoptimizations are generally discouraged as they impair readability this function is ripe with
* microoptimizations because this function has the potential of being called a huge number of times.
* eg. for RSA key generation.
*
* @param Integer $length
* @return String
* @access public
*/
function crypt_random_string($length)
{
if (CRYPT_RANDOM_IS_WINDOWS) {
// method 1. prior to PHP 5.3 this would call rand() on windows hence the function_exists('class_alias') call.
// ie. class_alias is a function that was introduced in PHP 5.3
if (function_exists('mcrypt_create_iv') && function_exists('class_alias')) {
return mcrypt_create_iv($length);
}
// method 2. openssl_random_pseudo_bytes was introduced in PHP 5.3.0 but prior to PHP 5.3.4 there was,
// to quote <http://php.net/ChangeLog-5.php#5.3.4>, "possible blocking behavior". as of 5.3.4
// openssl_random_pseudo_bytes and mcrypt_create_iv do the exact same thing on Windows. ie. they both
// call php_win32_get_random_bytes():
//
// https://github.com/php/php-src/blob/7014a0eb6d1611151a286c0ff4f2238f92c120d6/ext/openssl/openssl.c#L5008
// https://github.com/php/php-src/blob/7014a0eb6d1611151a286c0ff4f2238f92c120d6/ext/mcrypt/mcrypt.c#L1392
//
// php_win32_get_random_bytes() is defined thusly:
//
// https://github.com/php/php-src/blob/7014a0eb6d1611151a286c0ff4f2238f92c120d6/win32/winutil.c#L80
//
// we're calling it, all the same, in the off chance that the mcrypt extension is not available
if (function_exists('openssl_random_pseudo_bytes') && version_compare(PHP_VERSION, '5.3.4', '>=')) {
return openssl_random_pseudo_bytes($length);
}
} else {
// method 1. the fastest
if (function_exists('openssl_random_pseudo_bytes')) {
return openssl_random_pseudo_bytes($length);
}
// method 2
static $fp = true;
if ($fp === true) {
// warning's will be output unles the error suppression operator is used. errors such as
// "open_basedir restriction in effect", "Permission denied", "No such file or directory", etc.
$fp = @fopen('/dev/urandom', 'rb');
}
if ($fp !== true && $fp !== false) { // surprisingly faster than !is_bool() or is_resource()
return fread($fp, $length);
}
// method 3. pretty much does the same thing as method 2 per the following url:
// https://github.com/php/php-src/blob/7014a0eb6d1611151a286c0ff4f2238f92c120d6/ext/mcrypt/mcrypt.c#L1391
// surprisingly slower than method 2. maybe that's because mcrypt_create_iv does a bunch of error checking that we're
// not doing. regardless, this'll only be called if this PHP script couldn't open /dev/urandom due to open_basedir
// restrictions or some such
if (function_exists('mcrypt_create_iv')) {
return mcrypt_create_iv($length, MCRYPT_DEV_URANDOM);
}
}
// at this point we have no choice but to use a pure-PHP CSPRNG
// cascade entropy across multiple PHP instances by fixing the session and collecting all
// environmental variables, including the previous session data and the current session
// data.
//
// mt_rand seeds itself by looking at the PID and the time, both of which are (relatively)
// easy to guess at. linux uses mouse clicks, keyboard timings, etc, as entropy sources, but
// PHP isn't low level to be able to use those as sources and on a web server there's not likely
// going to be a ton of keyboard or mouse action. web servers do have one thing that we can use
// however. a ton of people visiting the website. obviously you don't want to base your seeding
// soley on parameters a potential attacker sends but (1) not everything in $_SERVER is controlled
// by the user and (2) this isn't just looking at the data sent by the current user - it's based
// on the data sent by all users. one user requests the page and a hash of their info is saved.
// another user visits the page and the serialization of their data is utilized along with the
// server envirnment stuff and a hash of the previous http request data (which itself utilizes
// a hash of the session data before that). certainly an attacker should be assumed to have
// full control over his own http requests. he, however, is not going to have control over
// everyone's http requests.
static $crypto = false, $v;
if ($crypto === false) {
// save old session data
$old_session_id = session_id();
$old_use_cookies = ini_get('session.use_cookies');
$old_session_cache_limiter = session_cache_limiter();
if (isset($_SESSION)) {
$_OLD_SESSION = $_SESSION;
}
if ($old_session_id != '') {
session_write_close();
}
session_id(1);
ini_set('session.use_cookies', 0);
session_cache_limiter('');
session_start();
$v = $seed = $_SESSION['seed'] = pack('H*', sha1(
serialize($_SERVER) .
serialize($_POST) .
serialize($_GET) .
serialize($_COOKIE) .
serialize($GLOBALS) .
serialize($_SESSION) .
serialize($_OLD_SESSION)
));
if (!isset($_SESSION['count'])) {
$_SESSION['count'] = 0;
}
$_SESSION['count']++;
session_write_close();
// restore old session data
if ($old_session_id != '') {
session_id($old_session_id);
session_start();
ini_set('session.use_cookies', $old_use_cookies);
session_cache_limiter($old_session_cache_limiter);
} else {
if (isset($_OLD_SESSION)) {
$_SESSION = $_OLD_SESSION;
unset($_OLD_SESSION);
} else {
unset($_SESSION);
}
}
// in SSH2 a shared secret and an exchange hash are generated through the key exchange process.
// the IV client to server is the hash of that "nonce" with the letter A and for the encryption key it's the letter C.
// if the hash doesn't produce enough a key or an IV that's long enough concat successive hashes of the
// original hash and the current hash. we'll be emulating that. for more info see the following URL:
//
// http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4253#section-7.2
//
// see the is_string($crypto) part for an example of how to expand the keys
$key = pack('H*', sha1($seed . 'A'));
$iv = pack('H*', sha1($seed . 'C'));
// ciphers are used as per the nist.gov link below. also, see this link:
//
// http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptographically_secure_pseudorandom_number_generator#Designs_based_on_cryptographic_primitives
switch (true) {
case class_exists('Crypt_AES'):
$crypto = new Crypt_AES(CRYPT_AES_MODE_CTR);
break;
case class_exists('Crypt_TripleDES'):
$crypto = new Crypt_TripleDES(CRYPT_DES_MODE_CTR);
break;
case class_exists('Crypt_DES'):
$crypto = new Crypt_DES(CRYPT_DES_MODE_CTR);
break;
case class_exists('Crypt_RC4'):
$crypto = new Crypt_RC4();
break;
default:
$crypto = $seed;
return crypt_random_string($length);
}
$crypto->setKey($key);
$crypto->setIV($iv);
$crypto->enableContinuousBuffer();
}
if (is_string($crypto)) {
// the following is based off of ANSI X9.31:
//
// http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/STM/cavp/documents/rng/931rngext.pdf
//
// OpenSSL uses that same standard for it's random numbers:
//
// http://www.opensource.apple.com/source/OpenSSL/OpenSSL-38/openssl/fips-1.0/rand/fips_rand.c
// (do a search for "ANS X9.31 A.2.4")
//
// ANSI X9.31 recommends ciphers be used and phpseclib does use them if they're available (see
// later on in the code) but if they're not we'll use sha1
$result = '';
while (strlen($result) < $length) { // each loop adds 20 bytes
// microtime() isn't packed as "densely" as it could be but then neither is that the idea.
// the idea is simply to ensure that each "block" has a unique element to it.
$i = pack('H*', sha1(microtime()));
$r = pack('H*', sha1($i ^ $v));
$v = pack('H*', sha1($r ^ $i));
$result.= $r;
}
return substr($result, 0, $length);
}
//return $crypto->encrypt(str_repeat("\0", $length));
$result = '';
while (strlen($result) < $length) {
$i = $crypto->encrypt(microtime());
$r = $crypto->encrypt($i ^ $v);
$v = $crypto->encrypt($r ^ $i);
$result.= $r;
}
return substr($result, 0, $length);
}
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